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International comparison study on reactor accident consequence modeling

summary report to CSNI by an NEA group of experts.
  • 110 Pages
  • 1.42 MB
  • English

Nuclear Energy Agency, OECD Publications and Information Center [distributor] , Paris, Washington, D.C
Nuclear power plants -- Environmental aspects -- Mathematical mo
ContributionsOECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations.
LC ClassificationsTD195.E4 I573 1984
The Physical Object
Pagination110 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2959329M
ISBN 10926412554X
LC Control Number84202968

International comparison study on reactor accident consequence modeling. Paris: Nuclear Energy Agency ; Washington, D.C.: OECD Publications and Information Center [distributor], (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: OECD Nuclear.

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies.

It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications. APPENDIX A Fukushima Daiichi Accident Study Information Portal Comparison of the MELCOR Breakaway Timing Fit to the Zirlo and Zr-4 Data.

SOARCA State of. KEYWORDS: relocation, exposure situation, risk benefit analysis, probabilistic accident consequence assessment 1. Introduction Relocation is one of the long-term protective actions in case of a. In this chapter, various aspects of the two major reactor accidents at Chernobyl (; Ukrainian SSR) and Fukushima (; Japan) are discussed and compared.

Both accidents have been ranked at the maximal level of 7 (“Major Accident”) at the Cited by: 1. The reactor has been operated with U in early This was the first time U fuel was used as reactor fuel. The salt of this reactor did not contain any thorium because it was intended to simulate only the fuel stream of a two-fluid breeder reactor.

The MSR program was terminated in although the results of the experiment were Cited by: A nuclear and radiation accident is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as "an event that has led to significant consequences to people, the environment or the facility".

Examples include lethal effects to individuals, radioactive isotope to the environment, or reactor core melt." The prime example of a "major nuclear accident" is one in which a reactor core is damaged and.

@article{osti_, title = {Scoping Study Investigating PWR Instrumentation during a Severe Accident Scenario}, author = {Rempe, J. and Knudson, D.

and Lutz, R. J.}, abstractNote = {The accidents at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) and Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 nuclear power plants demonstrate the critical importance of accurate, relevant, and timely information on the.

63 Reactor Safety Study: An Assessment of Accident Risks in U.S. Commercial Nuclear Power Plants (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, ). 64 Ezell, Barry C. et al., ‘ Probabilistic risk analysis and terrorism risk ’, Risk Analysis, 30 (), pp.

– Author: Robert James Downes, Christopher Hobbs. the INEL. Performed the groundwater modeling and dose assessment section for the Radioactive Waste Management Complex Performance Assessment at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Co-author of the food-chain model (COMIDA) for the MAACS reactor consequence code, an internationally recognized reactor accident assessment Size: KB. The book has been developed in conjunction with NERSa course offered every year to seniors and graduate students in the University of Michigan NERS program.

The first half of the book covers the principles of risk analysis, the techniques used to develop and update a reliability data base, the reliability of multi-component systems, Markov methods used to analyze the unavailability of.

On Ap heavy radioactive fallout from an unknown source was reported from Sweden. Later, it was discovered that two days earlier, a nuclear power reactor at Chernobyl, in the Soviet Union, had exploded releasing an enormous cloud of effluent containing 40 million Ci of /sup /I, 3 million Ci of /sup /Cs, and 50 million Ci of xenon radioisotopes.

Nuclear fallout is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and the shock wave have passed. It commonly refers to the radioactive dust and ash created when a nuclear weapon explodes.

The amount and spread of fallout is a product of the size of the weapon and the altitude at. References. ACRS (Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards). Initial ACRS Review of: (1) The NRC Near-Term Task Force Report on Fukushima and (2) Staff’s Recommended Actions to.

28 In comparison, approximat people were involuntarily displaced from an area of about mi 2 as a consequence of the Fukushima accident. 29 These average estimated benefits were obtained using the Group pool frequencies in Table 1 and the cost-benefit estimates in Tab 27, 28, 29, and 30 for the 7 percent discount rate.

TRICO II Core Inventory Calculation and its Radiological Consequence Analyses J. Muswema and dose profiles to human organs are derived to assess the operational safety of the reactor.

Results from the study will be used to upgrade the current SAR of the reactor as the reactor safety and licensing concepts are changing over the years; the Author: J. Muswema, G. Ekoko, J. K.-K. Lobo, V. Lukanda, V. Lukanda, E.

Boafo. The first is whether assessing the cost of nuclear accidents using the figures derived from past events is a robust method. As it fails to account for safety enhancements, progress in mitigation technologies, and learning from past catastrophes; it can drive cost assessments upwards, provide pessimistic numbers and entail overinvestments in Author: Romain Bizet, François Lévêque.

Reactor Pressure Vessel”, presented at Eurosafe Ref. 4: “Comparison report of RPV pressurized thermal shock international comparative assessment study (PTS ICAS)”,NEA/CSNI/R(99)3 report. Ref.

5: “Advanced Thermohydraulic and neutronics codes: current and future applications”,NEA/CSNI/R()1/VOL1 report. FLAMMABLE GASES AND LIQUIDS AND THEIR HAZARDS Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D.C.

February 7 M & M Protection Consultants Data Base 8 Accident Consequence Modeling 8 WHAZAN Methodology 9 ARCHIE Methodology 9 The "Yellow Book" Methodology 10 Organic cooled power reactor study: Mw coal-fired power plant comparison study /, by Bechtel Corporation, U.S.

Atomic Energy Commission.

Description International comparison study on reactor accident consequence modeling FB2

Division of Reactor Development, and Rockwell International. Atomics International Division (page images at HathiTrust). A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain r reactors are used at nuclear power plants for electricity generation and in nuclear marine from nuclear fission is passed to a working fluid (water or gas), which in turn runs through steam turbines.

In addition, Karen is a Principal Consult in the Houston Process Safety group specializing in Consequence and Risk Modeling as well as Insurance Risk Engineering.

Karen has worked extensively with clients in the refining and petrochemical industries with a focus on risk quantification and mitigation of blast, toxic, flammable and fire hazards. 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering July 2–6, Comparative Study of Basic Reactor Physics of the DFR Concept Using U-Pu and TRU Fuel Salts.

Comparison and Analysis on Two Kinds of Passive Residual Heat Removal System Designs Under Station Blackout Accident for Integral Small Modular Reactor. Fei Li, Feng. "International Comparison Exercise on Probabilistic Accident Consequence Assessment Codes," Overview Report, Commission of European Communities and OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, "Probabilistic Accident Consequence Assessment Codes, Second International Comparison," Technical.

The situation surrounding the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, triggered by Japan's largest recorded earthquake and the resulting 10 m high tsunami, continues to develop rapidly. This post is intended to be a concise update of the situation as of 12pm Japan Standard Time, 15 March For a summary of the situation prior to today, read.

The Nuclear Power Deception Footnotes to this report can be found here. Full references can be found here. Some terms used in this report can be found in IEER's on-line glossary.

Details International comparison study on reactor accident consequence modeling EPUB

Preface. In recent years there has been a debate about the potential and need for developing a second generation of commercial nuclear power plants to generate electricity.

The safe, secure, reliable and economic management of spent fuel arising from nuclear power reactors is key for the sustainable utilization of nuclear energy and covers many technological aspects related to the storage, transportation, recycling and disposal of the spent fuel and the high level waste (HLW) generated from spent fuel reprocessing.

The sustainability of nuclear energy involves. A blast testing and numerical study for open web steel joists. Written by: Barry Bingham, Jay Idriss, Michael Lowak, Yin Mao Published in: (ASCE) American Society of Civil Engineers Date: April A Comprehensive Comparison Of Methods For Clearing Effects On Reflected Airblast Impulse.

Written by:. Protecting the Public Health and Safety-- Mathematics for Probabilistic Safety-- Chemical and Nuclear Accident Analysis Methods-- Failure Rates, Incidents and Human Factors Data-- External Events-- Analyzing Nuclear Reactor Safety Systems-- Analyzing Chemical Process Safety Systems-- Nuclear Accident Consequence Analysis-- Chemical Process Accident Consequence Analysis-- Assembling.

Chapter 56 - Accident Prevention INTRODUCTION. Jorma Saari. According to International Labour Office statistics, million occupational accidents occur annually at workplaces worldwide.

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Of these,are fatal accidents. Every day, more than men or women do not come home because they were killed by accidents at work. reduction in costs. This result is often seen as a consequence of the intrinsic characteristics of nuclear power, i.e., lumpy investments and site-specific design (Cooper, ; Grubler, ).

As mentioned before, Cooper () suggests that with the construction of a new reactor, the.DNN, which includes the US High Performance Research Reactor (USHPRR) and international reactor conversion projects.

The Department of Energy supports NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) in various compact, high-power, reactor studies for .International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis (PSA ) Columbia, South Carolina, USA ACCIDENT CONSEQUENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM Robert Lutz, K.